He was born Giuseppe Balsamo in Sicily in 1743. He became known as Joseph Balsamo. He studied the occult, alchemy, and magick. He was Jewish and his father took him to Catholic Order of St. John. There, he was expelled. He learned the Kabbalah. He created a Tarot deck. He escaped some troubles to Switzerland.
He had solid education, despite coming from a poor Jewish family. He learned Chemistry, among other things.
Balsamo convinced Vincezo Marano that there was gold in a cave in Mount Pellegino. He asked for 70 pieces of silver and he said he could get rid of the magical creatures that guard the cave. In the cave, Balsamo attacked Marano, who was convinced he was attacked by jinn.
Balsamo taught himself pharmacy. He became Secretary to Cardinal Orsini, while selling “magical Egyptian” amulets on the side.
He married Sarafina in 1768. He met with forger Aglati, who taught him how to forge letters, diplomas, and other official documents.
Balsamo met the famous Comte Saint Germain. He became physician to Ben Franklin, while he was in Paris. He became a Mason in 1776 in England. In 19781, he became member of Egyptian Freemasonry and then a leader. He convinced the Queen Marie Antoinette to deliver a diamond necklace to Prince Rohan. He had stole the diamond necklace. He was caught and stayed in Bastille for 9 months. He left for Switzerland. In Rome, he was charged to be a member of Freemasons, which was a serious charge at the time. He escaped to Ft. Leo where he died. Before his death, he met Casanova. He used stolen money to start maternity hospitals and orphanges. He helped the poor. The poor in France did not like him being in Bastille and started a revolt that became French Revolution. He died in 1795.
Born 1800, his Irish family came to England where he was born. His middle name came from his godfather, Lord Admiral Nelson. He became an Anglican priest. He went to Ireland to convert Catholics to Anglicism. He revolted against the idea of having the new converts swear loyalty to King George IV. He resigned.
In 1827, he fell off a horse headlong. While recovering from his injuries in a hospital, he came up with his theology of Dispensationalism. He divided history to 7 ages. The last age was the End Times. He saw the telegraph as sure sign that he was living in the End Times. He founded Plimouth Brethren, an ultra-fundamentalist group. He came up with what fundamentalists called Pre-Tribulation Rapture, that is the true believers will go to Heaven before the big troubles come, The Tribulations.
In 1862, he came to America, hoping to convert people to the Plimouth Brethren, but was unsuccessful, but influenced lots of Christian sects, Millerianism still going strong in America. Americans were ready for End Times theology. The Baptists were the most reluctant. Cyrus Scofield was influenced and came out with the Scofield Bible. The biggest fundamentalist seminar, Dallas Theological Seminar, adapted Darby’s Dispensational theology. In turn, Hal Lindsey and Tim LaHaye were influenced by Darby, but none gave him any credit. Meanwhile, Anglican theologians said that Darby treated the Bible like a picture puzzle box and only he can put it together. He died in 1882 of the flu.
From Valerie Tarico A generation ago, most people—even those who were not religious—thought of religion as mostly beneficial or at least harmless. But these days opinions are more mixed—with good reason. On the political stage, conservative Christians quote chapter and verse to justify bigotries that they call religious freedom, while conservative Muslims quote chapter […]
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