Giordano Bruno

Giordano Bruno was born 1548 in the Kingdom of Naples There he was tutored privately by Augustinian monks. At age 7, he joined the Dominican Order. His metaphysics teacher was Giordo Crispo. He completed his novitiate and became ordained priest by 1572 at the age of 24. He developed art of memory techniques that served him well throughout his life. He went to Rome and showed it to Pope Pius V. He went on and wrote the book On the Ark of Noah and dedicated it to the pope.
Later, he developed a taste of the occult and forbidden books. He threw away images of saints and kept the Cross. He defended the Arian heresy that there is no Trinity and Jesus was not equal to God the Father. He even doubted the divinity of Jesus. Bruno took the banned book of Erasmus and annotated it. His copy of Erasmus book was found in a privy. He left Naples amidst indictments of heresy against him. He shed his Dominican robe.
In 1576, he went to Genoa, Savona, Turin, and Venice. There he published his book On Sign of the Times. Then, he went on to Padua. There he met fellow Dominicans and they convinced him to wear his habit, again. He went to Bergamo, crossed the Alps to Chambery and Lyon.
He went to Geneva in 1579. He entered his name in the Rector’s book at University of Geneva.. He did not accept Calvinism that he found there. He made himself a pair of breeches. He was given a sword, hat, cape, and other necessities by supporters. He attacked the prominent professor at University of Geneva, Professor Antoine de la Faye. He and his printer was arrested for what he published. He left Geneva.
He went on to Lyon, France, then to Toulouse in 158-81. He took a doctorate in theology while there. From there, he moved to Paris. His contemporaries thought his excellent memory was due to magic, but it was his mnemic system. King Henry III was impressed. He dedicated his next book to King Henry III.
In 1583, Bruno went on to England as a guest of the French ambassador Michel de Castelnan. There he became acquainted with the poet Philip Sydney, who, in turn, the Hermetic Order under court magician John Dee.
He lectured at Oxford. He met George Abbot, who later became Archbishop of Canterbury. Abbot mocked Bruno’s acceptance of Copernicus idea of Sun being center. Giordano, also, believed there are other solar systems. Stars are suns with planets revolving around them. That there might be life on other planets and that the heavens are infinite.
John Bosry accused Bruno of being a spy who was spying on Catholics for Queen Elizabeth and going under name of Henry Fagot. That wasn’t true.
An English scientist, Thomas Digger, had proposed the Universe was infinite in 1576. Bruno heard of it and adopted it.
In 1585, the French embassy was attacked by a mole. Bruno escaped to Paris. There he put up theories against Aristotelian natural science.
In 1586, he led a quarrel against scientist Fabriza Mordento and invented a differential compass. The argument against Mordento put him out of favor of the French king. So he went to Germany. He taught at Wittenberg. He lectured on Aristotle for next two years. Then, he moved to Prague in 1588. He received a salary of 300 talers a year, but no position under Rudolf II. He went on to Helmstat, but fled again when he was excommunicated by local Lutherans.
He wrote a book on magic 1589-90.
In 1590, he went to Frankfurt. He got invitation to Venice at a book fair there by Giovanni Mocenigo. He went first to Padua, where he heard there was a mathematics teaching position there, but Galileo got the position.
Bruno came to Venice in 1592. He became a private tutor to Mocenigo. Mocenigo was unhappy with Bruno and denounced him to the local Inquisition. He was charged with blasphemy and heresy. He admitted he had some doubts about church dogma. Bruno was transferred to Rome by 1593. There, he was confined Tower of Dona for 7 years.. He admitted to charges that he doubted the virginity of Mary and claimed to plurality of life in other worlds. He believed in reincarnation, dealings with magic and the occult. He denied the divinity of Jesus. He believed in Averroes’ Arabic astrology.
On January 1, 1600, Pope Clement VIII declared Bruno a heretic and the Inquisition gave him sentence of death. They pierced his tonque and burned him at the stake. His ashes was thrown into the Tiber River. One of his Inquistors became Pope Paul V. Johannes Kepler and Tycho Brahe were his contemporaries.

In the Season of the COVID 19 Pandemic

This is no hoax, friends.

This no political ploy to oust an President.

This is serious. People are dying,

And help is coming, slowly, and late.

Two are infected in my county.

Hundreds of thousands in the whole state.

I woke up and took a shower.

I cleaned up the bathroom.

I cleaned up the kitchen.

I made ready for breakfast of fried eggs.

I went to wash up after I was done.

Followed it by splashing alcohol on my hands

And patting them dry on a cloth.Then, I brushed my teeth.

I checked my blood sugar with a poke and a monitor.

Then, I had to go out for some errands.

I went to the bank and the lobby was closed,

Had to use the drive-in part.

I got some money out to pay bills and get food.

I stopped to get gas for the car.

I could not get inside to pay bills, had to do it outside.

I went to the grocery store and had them spray down

My shopping cart to get food.

Very few people out and about.

I decided to go to a food bank for some more food

That I need, being I have little money left.

They were outside with a table and a paper to sign

Before I got a bag of groceries.

Then, back home for the rest of the day.

I made lunch and then binge watch

A Korean drama.

Good thing they had it in English.

I got bored and swept and mopped the place.

Then, back for more binge watching.

Now supper, now more binge watching, then to bed.

Another day of binge watching tomorrow.


Nashville Tornado Relief Efforts: Things to Know

Hands On Nashville's Show of Hands Blog

We will be updating information as it becomes available.

2:05 p.m. Wednesday, March 4:

Tornado cleanup volunteer opportunities are now live on our site! Relative to the number of volunteers excited to help, there are just a handful of spots available at this time. We’ll continue to add more as they become available, including this weekend’s large-scale cleanups across the city. Visit to browse individual opportunities and sign up, and keep checking back, as we’ll continue adding spots as they become available throughout the coming weeks.

If you are with a group that is organizing small volunteer efforts on your own and you do not need additional volunteers, please know every volunteer counts in disaster recovery. In the event that this disaster is federally declared, our city will need to report out on the tremendous volunteer response we have received in order to access federal recovery dollars. Click…

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Drumming, drumming, drumming,

The elderly Native American drumming

And chanting in front of the smirking

Catholic white teen boy.

The other teen boys mocking the Native Americans

And doing the tomahawk gestures.

Go back to Africa! Go back to Europe!

Drumming, drumming, drumming.

So-called Black Israelis yelling

Rude epithets at the teens.

About 60 teens and 6 blacks .

Native Americans try to diffuse  the tensions,

But was swallowed up

By the tensions.

The elderly Native American was a Vietnam vet, who

Started a youth group to preserve his culture, now taken over

By his daughter.

The Catholic school expelled the smirking teen and said,

The boys did not reflect their values.

$7,900 a year tuition and not a chaperone or teacher in sight there.

Where are the chaperones?

The school is investigating.

The smirking teen’s father hired a PR firm.

What is the story?



Octavia Butler

1947-2006. She was born in Pasadena, California, and died in Lake Forest, Washington. Her parent were a housemaid and a shoeshine man. Her father died when she was only 7 years old, so her mother and maternal grandma raised her in a strict Baptist environment.

When she was 13, she accompanied her mother to work at people’s homes. Even though Pasadena was integrated, she saw her mother badly treated by her white employers.

She was extremely shy and slightly dyslexic. She believed herself to be awkward, stupid, ugly, and socially hopeless. She became an easy target for bullies. She frequently went to the library for solace. She wrote frequently in her pink note of fairy tales and horses. Later, she became a fan of science fiction.

She begged her mom for a Remington typewriter and typed her stories with two fingers when she was 10.

At 12, she saw on TV a movie, Devil Girl from Mars, and thought she could write better science fiction than that. At 13, her aunt told her, “Honey, Negroes can’t be writers.”

But she persevered, even asked her junior high school teacher to help type a science fiction manuscript and sent it to a science fiction magazine. She didn’t get published.

After graduating high school in 1965, she went to Pasadena City College at night. As a freshman, she won a college wide  short story contest and got $15 for it. She became involved with the Black Power Movement through a male friend of hers. She gruadated PCC in 1968, with Associated Arts in History. Her mother insisted she take up secretarial work as steady income. Butler took up several temporary jobs. She could get up 2-3 in the morning and write until she went to work.

She took up writing classes through UCLA extension courses. She went to Open Door Workshop of Screenwriters’ Guild of America, a program designed for mentoring minority writers.

Harlan Ellison was one of her mentors and was impressed by her writing. He encouraged her to a six week Clarion Science Fiction Writers Workshop in Clarion, Pennsylvania. There she met another black science fiction writer, Samuel R. Delaney, who became a lifelong friend.

She sold her first science fiction short story, Child Finder, to Harlan Ellison, which he put in his anthology  Last Dangerous Visions, though it didn’t get published.

She wrote Crossover and sold it to Robin Scott Wilson, director of the Clarion, who published it in the 1971 Clarion anthology.

5 years later, she published her first book, Pattern Master, which was first of a series. By then, she was able to live off her writings.

Her 1984 story Speech Sounds won a Hugo award for short story.

In 1995, she became first science fiction writer to earn the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation award. It had prize of $295,000.

In 1999, her mother died and she moved to Lake Forest Park, Washington. She got a Nebula Award for her works. Her last book was a science fiction vampire story, Fledgling in 2005. In Chicago, she was inducted to  the Chicago State University International Black Writers Hall of Fame. She died at her home in 2006. How she died isn’t clear. The best guess was she had a stroke and fell down in her walkway with head injuries.

She suffered from high blood pressure and depression. She been tied to the Afrocentrism of the future vision.


Wet,slushy snow

Wet, slushy snow smeared

Into a muddy mess

On virgin white, snowy ground

Under a tree near tires of  car.

Six miles to grandparents’ house.

Six miles of unpaved, unplowed dirt road.

Father knew unerringly

Where the road was,

Even though it was hard to tell road from fields.

The road was straight, the sky was gray.

The station wagon full of children

And a pair of adults.

Over the railroad tracks,

Over the girder bridge.

The bridge over icy stream.

The driver veered left from the strawberry fields.

Rose bushes in front of the farmhouse.

Turn right up an incline.

Another right to behind the house.

Rambunctious kids piling out

Of the station wagon  to play in the snow.



Death of a Childhood Friend

Recently I heard of a passing

Of a childhood friend.

I first met him in second grade, riding

A bicycle while I was walking alongside a highway.

He wanted to beat me.

To test my meddle?

For no apparent reason, we fought.

I beat him up.

He left me alone after that.

Eventually, we became friends.

Then, I moved away in seventh grade.

I saw him from time to time after I got my car.

He would chortle like he was up to something.

He graduated from his high school, same time I did

In my high school.

He was five foot, six inches tall,

Slightly dumpy and a crew cut.

He became a welder. while I schlepped  through life.

He went through several marriages.

He had three boys from the marriages.

About sometime ago,his sister,

Who was threeyears younger,

Told meHe was in the hospital.

Pancreas,gallbladder, and prostrate had to be removed.

I suspected he wasn’t going to live long.

His sister gave hope he would make it through.

He went into a coma, on a ventilator,

and a feeding tube.

He recovered and was sitting up,

Hoping all was left was physical therapy.

But the feeding tube got lodged in his lungs.

They had to give him tracheotomy.

His sister telling to breathe, damn you, breathe.

Then, he had a heart attack and another coma.

He stopped breathing.

Oh my God! He is gone!

His sister hurriedly arranged everything,

But was too busy to tell me.

I don’t blame her.

I learned through facebook several days later.

He was buried in same cemetery where my grandparents, aunts, uncle, and a cousin was Buried.

He was buried.

His sister misses her buddy.



Simon Girty: Hero or Villain?

For a long time American historians portrayed Simon Girty as the villain against Daniel Boone and other frontiersmen. Was he?Native Americans knew him as a hero.
He was born in 1741 near Harrisburg. He was captured during the French and Indian War by Senecas.That was in 1751. He was released in 1759 to Ft. Pitt. There he became a trusted interpreter,hunter, and scout.
He was nicknamed the White Savage.
How he was captured by the Senecas is an adventure by itself.His parents was going to sell him and his brothers to slavery to pay off debts. He escaped to be captured by the Senecas.Meanwhile, the sheriff of Susquehanna arrested his father for being squatters.George Croghan, governor of Pennsylvania, had put up 1,500 pounds fee on Simon Girty, sr.Simon,sr. had a duel with a neighbor and died.Samuel Sanders was arrested for murder of Simon,sr. Thomas McGhee and George Gibson took over the Girty land.Simon’s mother married Simon,sr.’s half-brother, John Turney. They had a son, John,jr. in 1754.
When Simon Girty gained the trust of the Senecas, he was put through the gauntlet to be initiated into the tribe. He was 15, by then. The Senecas pulled out all his hair, except a scalp lock. They gave him leather breech cloth,leather leggings, deerskin shirt, and moccasins.He was adopted by Guyasuta, chief of the Senecas.The Senecas fought at Ft. Duquesne in 1758. They allied with Pontiac for his war in 1763.
Even though, Girty was returned to the white culture, he preferred the Senecas ways.
By 1764, he learned 11 languages.He served under Gen. Henry Bouquet at Ft. Pitt. He was there at Treaty of Ft. Stanwix, the first treaty America had with the Senecas.He was interpreter there.
In Lord Dunsmore War, he served alongside George Rogers Clark,Simon Kenton, Daniel Boone, and William Caldwell, sr.The Indians were defeated at Point Pleasant, Ohio.Chief Cornstalk of the Mingos signed Treaty of Camp Charlotte. Dunsmore had sent Girty to capture Johnny Logan, who was an Indian thatwas friendly to Americans, until they took his land and killed his family.Girty listened to Logan and refused to capture him. Simon was sent to become a lieutenant after Revolutionary War started. He was with Virginia militia, until it disbanded.Simon Girty helped in an early draft of Declaration of Independence. Dunsmore had created the Intolerable Act of 1775, that banned any protests and he had right to put down any uprisings. Girty objected and said to Jefferson to fight against this Act, which was included as grievances against the Crown in Declaration.
Simon Kenton, Daniel Boone,George Rogers Clark, and Simon Girty defied the 1763 Proclamation that said no one from Colonies to cross the Appalachians.
In 1778, Simon Girty went with General Hand and his troops to Cuyogha . There they found a settlement of Lenapes, who were friendly to Americans.General Hand ordered a massacre.That was the last straw.
Simon left with 2 slaves when he heard from Kenton that the Great Lakes Indians were joining a Northwest Confederacy against the whites.He had seen the murder of mother and brother of Capt. Pipe of the Lenapes. He declared war on the Americans.His brothers James and George went with him.Pennsylvania declared the Girtys as outlaws and placed an $800 bond on Simon Girty.
Simon Girty reached Detroit to serve under British commander,Henry Hamilton, for 16 shillings a day.
He led a massacre at Dayton, KY. in 1779.
In 1782, Simon Girty was under William Caldwell, the father of Billy Caldwell.With 300 Shawnees and Canadians, they attecked Bryan Station, KY.3 day later, they were at Battle of Blue Licks.Daniel Boone’s son Israel was killed there. Daniel Boone was there.Later, Tecumseh, who was there, bragged he killed Israel Boone.
The Shawnee captured and killed American Col.William Crawford. One witness claimed Girty pleaded for Crawford’s life.
Simon Girty was hired by George Morgan as interpreter and mediator for Six Nations with the British. It was second Treaty of Stanwix. He was later fired.
He was at the defeat of Gov. Arthur St. Clair in 1791. He was with Little Turtle. He went to Canada in 1795.
He reluctantly took part in war of 1812, saw the death and defeat of Tecumseh.He was arthritic and failing eyesight by then. He died in 1818 on his farm near Amesburg, Ontario.

The New Atlantis 1627

Francis Bacon wrote an essay in shape of an adventure story called New Atlantis in 1627. It was a story of an English expedition that went to Peru and was going to China, but storm came and they were shipwrecked.They came upon land called Bensalem. Someone embarked from the island to warn them they cannot land there. The captain convinced the messenge that some of their sailors need medical attention. The messenger came back with another native to give them provisions and a scroll in 4 languages: Latin, Greek,Hebrew, and Spanish. The cover was marked by a cross with cherubim wings.
After awhile, they let the sailors come ashore.There they found religion and science separated.A Jewish sailor, Joabin,knew of the Cabala and saw the natives were familiar with it.
They saw a government that recognized the rights of women,abolition of slavery,elimination of debtors’ prison,freedom of speech,separation of church and state.
At that time, in Great Britain, James I was declared the New Solomon and London was New Jerusalem.
Johannes Kelpius introduced Rosicrucianism to the US in late 17th century. He helped found the Royal Society of Science in England.
Bacon never completed his book. Yet, many came to America inspired by this writing and even called America The New Atlantis. Most of the ideas in the Constitution were inspired by this book.As for the scroll, it was a history of the island and how refugees from Rome, Athens, and Spain ended up there.

St. Andrew

From the Greek Andreas,which means manly valor. He was the First Called disciple of Jesus. He was a brother of St. Peter and a disciple of John the Baptist. One of Andrew’s disciples became First Patriarch of Constantinople.
He may have been born around 5 BC in Bethsaida, Galilee. He was son of John Zebedee (Son of Thunder). Both he and his brother, Peter, had short tempers.He was a fisherman, like Peter. Peter lived in Capernaum.
He is usually pictured as an old man with long gray beard and long gray hair, holding a book or scroll, sometimes leaning on a hanging fishnet.
After Jesus’ Ascension, Andrew went north to preach to the Scythians, along the Black Sea. He may have gone as far north as Kiev and Novgorod.He established the See of Byzantium ( later called Constantinople)in 38 AD.He installed his disciple Stachnys as bishop of Byzantium, later Patriarch. He preached to the Thracians and Greeks.He became patron saint of the Patriarchs.
He was crucified at Patras, Achaea.He was bonded and nailed to an X-shaped cross. He said he was not worthy to be crucified the same way as Jesus.
There was an apocryphal book, Acts of Andrew, but Leucius Charinus was said to have written it in 260 AD.It was removed from the Bible in the fourth century, by Pope Gelasius I. Pope Gelasius was last of the Berber popes.That was around 492 AD. He was Pope in 492-96.
St. Andrew becamepatron saint of the Scots and his symbol X wa on the Scottish flag. It was also on the Confederate flag, but the designer denied it was St. Andrew’s cross. His festival is November 30.